By Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone Valentine (auth.), Christopher S. Foote, Joan Selverstone Valentine, Arthur Greenberg, Joel F. Liebman (eds.)
Taking an interdisciplinary strategy, this booklet and its counterpart, Active Oxygen in Biochemistry, discover the lively examine region of the chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen. Complementary yet self reliant, the 2 volumes combine topic components together with drugs, biology, chemistry, engineering, and environmental studies.
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Technical systems can become very complicated. Vmyl monomers such as acrylate esters are made in enormous quantities, and it is important during storage to prevent their unwanted free-radical polymerization, which can be both unpredictable and violent. One way of preventing polymerization is to bubble a small stream of air through the storage tank so that, if polymerization starts, it is switched over to the much slower copolymerization with oxygen discussed below. Unfortunately, the peroxides produced are a time bomb which later can initiate very 40 Autoxidation rapid polymerization, particularly if the air supply is interrupted.
1-13)], which can react with another alkyl halide [Eq. (1-14)]. ROOR can then decompose or react further with more O2 to give alcohols, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids. p molecular orbitals resulting in an 0-0 bond order of 1 (see Fig. 1-2). 49 A) and from the rotation barrier of the peroxide bond. The addition of two electrons to those orbitals also pairs up all the electrons, making peroxides diamagnetic. The peroxide anion is found in ionic peroxide salts with the alkali metals, calcium, strontium, and barium.
W. (1777) Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und Feuer. a. , and LIEBMAN, J. F. (1993) The Chernistry of Hydroxyl, Ether and Peroxide Groups, John WIley & Sons, New York. STASCHEWSKI, D. (1974) The Stable Isotopes of Oxygen in Research and Technical Applications. Angew. Chern. Ind. , 13, 357-370. SWERN, D. (1981) Organic Peroxides, Robert E. , Malabar, Florida. VALENTINE, J. , MIKSZfAL, A. R, and SAWYER, D. T. (1984) Methods for the Study of Superoxide Chemistry in Nonaqueous Solutions. , 105, 71-81.
Active Oxygen in Chemistry by Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone Valentine (auth.), Christopher S. Foote, Joan Selverstone Valentine, Arthur Greenberg, Joel F. Liebman (eds.)