By Jeffrey B. Graham (Editor)
Air respiring Fishes: Evolution, range, and edition is exclusive in its assurance of the evolution of air-breathing, incongruously since it focuses solely on fish. this crucial and engaging ebook, containing 9 chapters that current the existence heritage, ecology, and body structure of many air-breathing fishes, presents a great evaluate of air-breathing biology.Each bankruptcy presents a old history, information the current prestige of data within the box, and defines the questions desiring awareness in destiny learn. completely referenced, containing greater than 1,000 citations, and good documented with figures and tables, Air-Breathing Fishes is accomplished in its insurance and may definitely have broad allure. Researchers in vertebrate biology, paleontology, ichthyology, vertebrate evolution, normal historical past, comparative body structure, anatomy and plenty of different fields will locate anything new and fascinating in Air-Breathing Fishes. Key positive factors* deals an entire evaluate of a big and immensely fascinating zone of analysis* presents a point of view of air-breathing fish that spans three hundred million years of vertebrate evolution* includes a number of illustrations in addition to accomplished charts* offers a synoptic therapy of the entire identified air-breathing species with very important information on their morphological and physiological diversifications
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Additional resources for Air-Breathing Fishes: Evolution, Diversity, and Adaptation Animals Pets
Popular in the aquarium trade, Pantodon is positively buoyant and commonly floats at the water surface where it feeds on small fish as well as insects that either fall to the water surface or fly not far above it. The butterfly fish reaches about 12 cm in length. As implied by its common name, this fish can leap from water and is able to glide as far as 2 m using its enlarged pectoral fins (Lowe-McConnell, 1975). Pantodon is an obligatory air breather and uses its physostomous gas bladder as an ABO as-well as for sound detection (Schwartz, 1969).
Considerably more is known about the South American counterpart of Heterotis, the pirarucu, Arapaima gigas. 5 m, 200 kg), Arapaima is an obligatory air breather that obtains as much as 95% of its total 902 from air (Sawaya, 1946). It has a well-developed ABO that is extremely large and actually envelops the kidneys (Chapter 3). Much of our knowledge of the behavior and natural history of this fish was provided by Ltiling (1964a) who made observations on feeding habits, parental care, development, the ontogeny of air breathing, and air-breathing frequency and behavior.
Littorale to be an obligatory air breather, they did not remark about the respiratory dependence of another species they studied, H. pectoralis. Callichthyids often swim in small groups and synchronous air breathing has been reported for H. thoracatum and Corydoras aeneus (Kramer and Graham, 1976; Kramer and McClure, 1980). 5 Hoplosternumthoracatum(10 cm, Panama). 38 2. Diversityand Natural History tance than its role in respiration (Gee and Graham, 1978). Callichthyids are highly amenable to laboratory study and Kramer and McClure (1981) used Corydoras aeneus to demonstrate how air-breathing costs, in the form of the time and energy required to swim to the surface for air, were affected by water depth and 02.
Air-Breathing Fishes: Evolution, Diversity, and Adaptation Animals Pets by Jeffrey B. Graham (Editor)