By Alexander of Aphrodisias
Alexander of Aphrodisias, who flourished c. 200AD, used to be the best Peripatetic thinker of his age. such a lot of his philosophical energies have been spent in commenting upon Aristotle: his remark at the past Analytics is still some of the most thorough and priceless publications to this hard paintings; moreover, the observation preserves beneficial information regarding a number of features of Stoic good judgment, and it additionally provides an image of specific syllogistic at a turning aspect in its ancient improvement.
This quantity encompasses a translation of the 1st 3rd of the remark - the half facing non-modal syllogistic. the interpretation is preceded through a considerable creation which discusses Alexander's position within the commentatorial culture and his use of logical terminology. The publication is finished via a translation of the pertinent a part of the earlier Analytics, a precis account of express syllogistic, and a collection of indexes.
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Additional info for Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)
Posidonius, F 90 EK (Seneca, Ep. 88,21-8). 45 1. Preface 21 Then, astronomy, being in a way a subpart of geometry, theorises about divine and natural substances, knowledge of which is in itself noble and valuable. 22 For the fact that geometry deals not only with perceptible things but with things which escape perception and are intelligible is very useful for philosophical theory since the incorporeal and intelligible substances about which philosophers theorise are primary and more valuable than the perceptible substances.
Preface 47 and some in justice, and further some of them have actually been thought in addition to be sagacious and others to be generous, as we can learn from the History of Animals,32 which Aristotle wrote in several books); but for truth and theoretical understanding they have no sense at all. Secondly, theorising is the highest of human goods. 34 It cannot be allowed that they are active in accordance with any of the other virtues, since the virtues concern the emotions (insofar as they measure and shape them), whereas the divine is free from emotion.
2,15-3,24; 10,26-8; in Metaph. 260,1-20. It is a commonplace to distinguish three kinds of syllogism (cf. g. Albinus, Didasc. 158H); but note that at Conv. 57-9 Alexander adds a fourth kind, the 'examinatory' syllogism (see above 1,4; cf. g. Ammonius, in An. Pr. 2,18-29). At in An. Pr. 2,29-3,30, Ammonius offers a schematic derivation of the division of syllogisms into their kinds (cf. Philoponus, in An. Pr. 2,22-4,14). 50 For analysis in Alexander see also in An. Pr. 275,32-7; Quaest. 4,4-7. g.
Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.1-7 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) by Alexander of Aphrodisias