By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum construction, bauxite has turn into essentially the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced monetary and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the historical past of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this historical past represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global warfare to its position within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays by means of students from all over the world, this wide-ranging assortment is a heritage of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new viewpoint on a time of change.
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Extra info for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
17 In 1912, Alcoa employed a professor of geology to examine its bauxite holdings; the report he made to the company was disturbing. ”18 Alcoa investigated possibilities in France and in the then Austrian territories of Istria, Croatia, Dalmatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and although the company purchased the rights to some of the deposits explored, it was definitely on the lookout for something bigger. This something bigger was found when Frank Harvey got in touch with the company in early autumn 1913.
Other bauxite hunters did not have to go through the authorities but could go directly to the chiefs. This was the route followed by Sierragold Trust. This company was a curious mixture of business and politics. ”64 The founder of the company, Frederick William Dove, was a Sierra Leonean barrister who was deeply involved in the pan-African movement. In 1920, he had been one of the co-founders of the National Congress of British West Africa. 66 The company purchased land in the Gold Coast said to contain diamonds, gold, or manganese, the traditional export minerals of the colony, and hired an Australian mining engineer to explore the areas.
36 William Brown, The European Union and Africa: The Restructuring of North-South Relations (London: Tauris, 2002), 35. 37 According to a recent estimate, only 9 percent of the total value added of the aluminum production process takes place at the bauxite mining stage; see United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2007: Trans national Corporations, Extractive Industries and Development (Geneva: United Nations, 2007), 85. 38 David Yoffie, Beyond Free Trade: Firms, Governments and Global Competition (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1993).
Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry by Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli